Hypoxic and oxidant stresses can coexist in biological systems, and oxidant stress has been proposed to activate hypoxia pathways through the inactivation of the 'oxygen-sensing' hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) prolyl and asparaginyl hydroxylases. Here, we show that despite reduced sensitivity to cellular hypoxia, the HIF asparaginyl hydroxylase--known as FIH, factor inhibiting HIF--is strikingly more sensitive to peroxide than the HIF prolyl hydroxylases. These contrasting sensitivities indicate that oxidant stress is unlikely to signal hypoxia directly to the HIF system, but that hypoxia and oxidant stress can interact functionally as distinct regulators of HIF transcriptional output.
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Cell Hypoxia, Cell Line, Cysteine, Gene Expression Regulation, Humans, Hydroxylation, Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit, Mixed Function Oxygenases, Peroxides, Repressor Proteins, Transcription, Genetic