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Giardia trophozoites have developed resistance mechanisms to currently available compounds, leading to treatment failures. In this context, the development of new additional agents is mandatory. Sirtuins, which are class III NAD+-dependent histone deacetylases, have been considered important targets for the development of new anti-parasitic drugs. Here, we evaluated the activity of KH-TFMDI, a novel 3-arylideneindolin-2-one-type sirtuin inhibitor, on G. intestinalis trophozoites. This compound decreased the trophozoite growth presenting an IC50 value lower than nicotinamide, a moderately active inhibitor of yeast and human sirtuins. Light and electron microscopy analysis showed the presence of multinucleated cell clusters suggesting that the cytokinesis could be compromised in treated trophozoites. Cell rounding, concomitantly with the folding of the ventro-lateral flange and flagella internalization, was also observed. These cells eventually died by a mechanism which lead to DNA/nuclear damage, formation of multi-lamellar bodies and annexin V binding on the parasite surface. Taken together, these data show that KH-TFMDI has significant effects against G. intestinalis trophozoites proliferation and structural organization and suggest that histone deacetylation pathway should be explored on this protozoon as target for chemotherapy.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.ijmm.2019.01.002

Type

Journal article

Journal

Int J Med Microbiol

Publication Date

03/2019

Volume

309

Pages

130 - 142

Keywords

Automated quantitative fluorescence microscopy, Cell death, Class III NAD+-dependent histone deacetylases inhibitor, Electron microscopy, Giardia intestinalis, Proliferation, Antiprotozoal Agents, Caco-2 Cells, Cytokinesis, Giardia lamblia, Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors, Humans, Inhibitory Concentration 50, Microscopy, Microscopy, Electron, Parasitic Sensitivity Tests, Trophozoites