Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

<jats:title>SUMMARY</jats:title><jats:p>MAIT cells are an abundant T-cell population enriched in peripheral tissues such as the liver. They are activated both through TCR-dependent and - independent mechanisms. However, the different specific functional responses of MAIT cells to these distinct signals remain elusive. We examined the impact of combinations of TCR-dependent and -independent signals in blood and tissue-derived human MAIT cells. TCR-independent activation of MAIT cells from blood and gut was maximised by extending the panel of cytokines to including TNF-superfamily member TL1A. RNAseq experiments revealed that TCR-dependent and -independent signals drive MAIT cells to exert overlapping and unique effector functions, impacting both host defence and tissue homeostasis. While TCR-triggering alone is insufficient to drive sustained activation, TCR-triggered MAIT cells did show specific enrichment of tissue-repair functions at the level of gene expression, protein production and in <jats:italic>in vitro</jats:italic> assays and these functions were amplified by cytokine costimulation. Taken together, these data indicate the blend of TCR-dependent and -independent signalling to MAIT cells may play a role in controlling the balance between healthy and pathological processes of tissue inflammation and repair.</jats:p>

Original publication




Journal article


Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Publication Date