Inhibition of the NLRP3 inflammasome by HSP90 inhibitors.
Nizami S., Arunasalam K., Green J., Cook J., Lawrence CB., Zarganes-Tzitzikas T., Davis JB., Di Daniel E., Brough D.
Excessive and dysregulated inflammation is known to contribute to disease progression. HSP90 is an intracellular chaperone known to regulate inflammatory processes including the NLRP3 inflammasome and secretion of the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin(IL)-1β. Here, primarily using an in vitro inflammasome ASC speck assay, and an in vivo model of murine peritonitis, we tested the utility of HSP90 inhibitors as anti-inflammatory molecules. We report that the HSP90 inhibitor EC144 effectively inhibited inflammatory processes including priming and activation of NLRP3 in vitro and in vivo. A specific inhibitor of the β HSP90 isoform was ineffective suggesting the importance of the α isoform in inflammatory signalling. EC144 inhibited IL-1β and IL-6 in vivo when administered orally, and was brain-penetrant. These data suggest that HSP90 inhibitors may be useful for targeting inflammation in diverse diseases that are worsened by the presence of inflammation.