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The ubiquitin-proteasome pathway degrades the majority of proteins in mammalian cells and plays an essential role in the generation of antigenic peptides presented by major histocompatibility class I molecules. Proteasome inhibitors are of great interest as research tools and drug candidates. Most work on proteasome inhibitors has focused on the inhibition of the chymotryptic-like (beta5) sites; little attention has been paid to the inhibition of two other types of active sites, the trypsin-like (beta2) and the caspase-like (beta1). We report here the development of the first cell-permeable and highly selective inhibitors (4 and 5) of the proteasome's caspase-like site. The selectivity of the compounds is directly and unambiguously established by Staudinger-Bertozzi labeling of proteasome subunits covalently modified with azide-functionalized inhibitor 5. This labeling reveals that the caspase-like site of the immunoproteasome (beta1i) is a preferred target of this compound. These compounds can be used as tools to study roles of beta1 and beta1i sites in generation of specific antigenic peptides and their potential role as co-targets of anti-cancer drugs.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.bmcl.2007.03.092

Type

Journal article

Journal

Bioorg Med Chem Lett

Publication Date

15/06/2007

Volume

17

Pages

3402 - 3405

Keywords

Antineoplastic Agents, Azides, Binding Sites, Caspases, Cell Membrane Permeability, Cysteine Proteinase Inhibitors, Humans, Models, Chemical, Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex, Proteasome Inhibitors